Architettura e Composizione Architettonica 1 (EA)
Architecture and Architectural Design 1 Paolo Bonvini
To better deal with the course the student should master graphing and architecture digital, have a clear knowledge of the historical origins of architecture.
KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING:
The course enables students to acquire the knowledge and ability to understand the complexity of the design process at its various scales, from the technical components, the building, the city and the landscape. The understanding of functional, logical-formal, technical and technological reasons that govern the formation of the constituent characteristics of architectural design will be put into practice by the development of a design exercise, to be held in the specific laboratory. The goal is to be achieved both through the critical analysis of significant buildings of architectural culture of the theoretical aspects as the setting tools and project control. CAPACITY TO APPLY KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING:
In order to deal with the design theme of elementary aspects of the project, the student must be able to correctly apply the critical skills of analysis of the design process in its synergy between technical and aesthetic components; in relation to its belonging to a physical environment and therefore with the architectonic pre-existence, with the landscape or the urban context, motivating design and technical solutions in relation to the compatibility and environmental sustainability and to the possible solutions in relation to requirements and to regulatory and contextual constraints.TRANSVERSAL SKILLS:
Transversal skills will be verified by performing an exercise in solving a problem, (architectural design of a single-family house) that will be done in groups and that will lead to the drafting of drawings that will allow the student to improve his degree of autonomy of judgment in general, his ability to communicate that also originates from the teamwork, his ability to learn independently and to get original conclusions.
The course proposes the study of a small residential building placed inside a part of the consolidated city to be redeveloped. The new building project and its inclusion within the urban system will allow to reason on a double track: the typological investigation and the innovative features of living that contribute to urban regeneration and convey the will to reverse the construction the city for continuous expansion and relative consumption of soil. The course then will work on an area of newly built town with these characters and requires a reinterpretation of his identity character, from comparison with the memory of the place and its urban history, human, productive and social. The introduction of new volumes instead of blank areas, often under-used and then exposed to the easy degradation also allows the recovery of the open space and its reflection on a new type of public space and its role in the need for a new urbanity dynamic and dialogue between activities and functions. In this way the house can be equipped with an additional volume, integrated or not to the main volume, that can offer new spaces designated for public use activities.
In the course will be held exercises topics designed to acquaint students with the basic aspects of the architectural construction: relation strategies with the original context, typological and distributive aspects, disposition and formalization of activities in space and volume, compositional strategies, working on examples driving which requires an analytical and critical reading to be implemented by means of graphical tools of the project.
Development of the examination
LEARNING EVALUATION METHODS
The course consists of several experiences during the academic year and consist of an adequate number of exercises that together contribute to the formation of the student during the final exam that will constitute the act of evaluation of the level of preparation . The exercises will have between them a preparatory aspects from the analysis of projects of renowned architects including the masters of modern, up to the identification of how representative of the idea of architecture and the development of their own project in different scales and in the analysis of the different disciplinary contributions to the physical construction of the space with three-dimensional models physical and virtual.
The final assessment of the level of learning of the students consists of two tests:
- The presentation of architectural projects related to the topic or topics in the program, through elaborate paper which represent a summary agreed with the teacher;
- The complete oral presentation of the project, its concept and its theoretical and practical implications, through power point.
The project can also be done in groups, with a maximum of two students. In this case, the discussion of the project must take place with the participation of the two students contextually.
LEARNING EVALUATION CRITERIA
To successfully pass the assessment of learning, the student must demonstrate, through the two tests described above, to have good understanding of the criteria and procedures for the design, the need for theoretical implications related to the needs of the contemporary social and ability to respond in appropriate and innovative techniques. The student must prove, in addition, to be able to apply, on their own, these criteria and these procedures to the project, to know how to properly use the materials and construction technologies appropriate and to be able to prepare a presentation planning and technical and knowledgeable publicly expose.
LEARNING MEASUREMENT CRITERIA
The two tests will be evaluated in thirtieth and final grade will be calculated as the average of the two tests. The rating is then the sum of the marks obtained by witnessing the ability of independence from the theoretical issues articulated in the basic course with those obtained by the quality of the draft prepared by the reference laboratory.
FINAL MARK ALLOCATION CRITERIA
To obtain a positive evaluation, the student must achieve at least a passing grade in the two tests described above. The highest rating is achieved by demonstrating a thorough understanding of the theoretical and practical content of the course in the two trials and proving to be able to properly manage a project that is consistent with the content itself and credible at the technical level.
- Ábalos I. (Autore), B. Melotto (a cura di), Il buon abitare. Pensare le case della modernità. Marinotti Edizioni, Milano 2009
- Banham R., Ambiente e tecnica nell'architettura moderna, Laterza 1995
- Beccu, M. Ficarelli L., La casa dei Maestri. L
- Ingegneria Edile-Architettura (Corso di Laurea Magistrale con Riconoscimento Europeo (DM 270/04))